- GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute. Reference includes data from Bibliography and Index of Geology Exclusive of North America, Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
"An attempt has been made to show that basic magma is associated with vertical and not with folding movement, that basic intrusions take the form of those characteristic of unfolded regions and of relatively high levels and that differentiation in situ is common. It is argued that basic magma is emplaced in the orogenic belts as flows and typically non-orogenic intrusions during the geosynclinal or sinking phase of the orogenic cycle, that rocks of the appinitic suite, which commonly occur as stocks associated with granodiorites, are formed from these non-orogenic basic rocks by a process of hybridization during a subsequent folding phase, but that no further basic magma is introduced during this phase. It is suggested that the terms non-orogenic association and orogenic association might replace volcanic association and plutonic association to indicate the relation of basic and acid magmas to their tectonic environment."