- GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute. Reference includes data from Bibliography and Index of Geology Exclusive of North America, Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
"The property of liquefaction of certain confined, water-logged, unconsolidated sedimentary layers is considered to play an important part in the development of much of convolute folding. Lateral intra-stratal laminar flow of liquefied beds, according to flow patterns mainly determined by the distribution of parts of the layers that have remained solid, appears to account satisfactorily for internal folding. Although intra-stratal flow, which can result from a number of causes, may considerably deform the stratification planes of a liquefied layer, there is neither lateral shortening nor a notable change in the thickness of the bed."