- GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute.
The magnetostratigraphy of two logged sections, 1 km apart, within this system consists of an upper zone of normal polarity and a lower zone of reversed polarity. The lithostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy are parallel. The sands and silts are mainly pale yellow brown to dusky yellow, and magnetic tests indicate that the magnetization is carried dominantly by ferric oxyhydroxides (haematite and goethite). The higher temperature Natural Remanent Magnetization is probably due to detrital haematite which would have been partially aligned during fluvial deposition. Post-depositional modification (PDRM) may have occurred during dewatering. Haematite pseudomorphing pyrite framboids indicates that early reducing conditions were succeeded by a more oxidizing regime which produced secondary magnetizations associated with fine-grained haematite and goethite. Complete polarity zones are not delineated, but the thicknesses present are not excessive compared with other continental Miocene deposits. The average palaeolatitude of 22 degrees is lower than would be expected for the Miocene of northern Spain, probably due to incomplete averaging of secular variations and other sources of error including possible "inclination error".--Modified journal abstract.