- GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute. Reference includes data from Bibliography and Index of Geology Exclusive of North America, Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
A tension system may have existed in the Red Sea area in late Pre-Cambrian and early Palaeozoic times. A depression existed in the northern part of the region in Carboniferous times and during Cretaceous times a tongue of Tethys occupied the northern and central portions of the depression. In Miocene times an extensive evaporite basin developed occupying most of the depression. The main and central troughs developed as a result of tension in Pliocene and later times. The Gulf of Aqaba depression was formed by a fault system continuous with Dead Sea system which originated in (?) early Cretaceous times. The northern and central parts of the gulf were invaded by the sea in Pleistocene times.