- GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute. Reference includes data from Bibliography and Index of Geology Exclusive of North America, Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Some thin basaltic intrusive sheets in south-eastern Iceland consist in cross-section of a porphyritic central zone sharply bounded by non-porphyritic margins. Within the porphyritic zone phenocrysts of plagioclase, augite and olivine are arranged in two main layers, an upper layer containing mostly plagioclase phenocrysts, and a lower layer containing concentrations of augite and olivine phenocrysts. The phenocrysts are considered to have been gravitationally sorted during the passage through the sheets of a highly fluid and strongly flowing porphyritic basalt magma.