- GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute. Reference includes data from Bibliography and Index of Geology Exclusive of North America, Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
The acute F 1 folds in the Isle of Man possess Caledonoid axial planes and plunge predominantly to the north-eastern or south-western quarters at a low angle. Synchronous F 1 cross-folding is locally developed and plunges steeply to the north-west or south-east. The axial planes of these acute structures have the same steep Caledonoid orientation as their orthodox associates and they share the same first axial-plane cleavage (S 1 ). The generation of the cross-folding is related to original culminations and depressions in the Caledonoid hinges of the large-scale F 1 folds. Comparison is made with early cross-folding in other parts of the Caledonides.